This chapter about severe COVID-19 in the hospital/ICU will be published soon. In the meantime, please find the following recommendations and key papers.
Checklists for hospitals
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Checklist for hospitals preparing for the reception and care of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) patients. ECDC: Stockholm; 2020. https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/sites/default/files/documents/covid-19-checklist-hospitals-preparing-reception-care-coronavirus-patients.pdf
Patient admission to ICUs
Swiss Society Of Intensive Care Medicine. Recommendations for the admission of patients with COVID-19 to intensive care and intermediate care units (ICUs and IMCUs). Swiss Med Wkly. 2020 Mar 24. Fulltext: https://doi.org/10.4414/smw.2020.20227
Management of critically ill patients
Thomas-Ruddel D, Winning J, Dickmann P, et al. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): update for anesthesiologists and intensivists March 2020. Anaesthesist. 2020 Mar 24. Fulltext: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00101-020-00760-3
Outstanding update for anesthesiologists and those working in intensive care.
Sorbello M, El-Boghdadly K, Di Giacinto I, et al. The Italian COVID-19 outbreak: experiences and recommendations from clinical practice. Anaesthesia. 2020 Mar 27. PubMed: https://pubmed.gov/32221973. Fulltext: https://doi.org/10.1111/anae.15049
Detailed practical recommendations, based on experiences in Italy. Key elements of clinical management, airway management, personal protective equipment and non-technical aspects.
Poston JT, Patel BK, Davis AM. Management of Critically Ill Adults With COVID-19. JAMA. 2020 Mar 26. Fulltext: https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2020.4914
Short recommendations, made by the Surviving Sepsis Campaign.
More reviews, overviews of specific issues of critically ill patients
Berlin DA, Gulick RM, Martinez FJ. Severe Covid-19. May 15, 2020. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMcp2009575. Full-text: https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMcp2009575?query=featured_home
Matthay MA, Aldrich JM, Gotts JE. Treatment for severe acute respiratory distress syndrome from COVID-19. Lancet Respir Med. 2020 Mar 20. PubMed: https://pubmed.gov/32203709. Fulltext: https://doi.org/10.1016/S2213-2600(20)30127-2
Moore JB, June CH. Cytokine release syndrome in severe COVID-19. Science 17 Apr 2020: eabb8925. DOI: 10.1126/science.abb8925. Fulltext: https://science.sciencemag.org/content/early /2020/04/16/science.abb8925
Smereka J, Puslecki M, Ruetzler K, et al. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in COVID-19. Cardiol J. 2020 Apr 14. PubMed: https://pubmed.gov/32285929. Full-text: https://doi.org/10.5603/CJ.a2020.0053.
Stam HJ, Stucki G, Bickenbach J. Covid-19 and Post Intensive Care Syndrome: A Call for Action. J Rehabil Med. 2020 Apr 14. PubMed: https://pubmed.gov/32286675. Full-text: https://doi.org/10.2340/16501977-2677.
Telias I, Katira BH, Brochard L, et al. Is the Prone Position Helpful During Spontaneous Breathing in Patients With COVID-19? JAMA. Published online May 15, 2020. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.8539.
Wadman M, Couzin-Frankel J, Kaiser J, et al. A rampage through the body. Science 24 Apr 2020: Vol. 368, Issue 6489, pp. 356-360. DOI: 10.1126/science.368.6489.356. Full-text: https://science.sciencemag.org/content/368/6489/356
Endotracheal intubation, bronchoscopy, airway management and staff safety
Cheung JC, Ho LT, Cheng JV, Cham EYK, Lam KN. Staff safety during emergency airway management for COVID-19 in Hong Kong. Lancet Respir Med. 2020 Feb 24. Fulltext: https://doi.org/10.1016/S2213-2600(20)30084-9
Cook TM, El-Boghdadly K, McGuire B, McNarry AF, Patel A, Higgs A. Consensus guidelines for managing the airway in patients with COVID-19. Anaesthesia. 2020 Mar 27. PubMed: https://pubmed.gov/32221970. Fulltext: https://doi.org/10.1111/anae.15054
Lentz RJ, Colt H. Summarizing societal guidelines regarding bronchoscopy during the COVID-19 pandemic. Respirology. 2020 Apr 11. PubMed: https://pubmed.gov/32277733. Full-text: https://doi.org/10.1111/resp.13824.
Loftus RW, Dexter F, Parra MC, Brown JR. Importance of oral and nasal decontamination for patients undergoing anesthetics during the COVID-19 era. Anesth Analg. 2020 Apr 3. PubMed: https://pubmed.gov/32250978. Full-text: https://doi.org/10.1213/ANE.0000000000004854.
Luo M, Cao S, Wei L, et al. Precautions for Intubating Patients with COVID-19. Anesthesiology. 2020 Mar 19. PubMed: https://pubmed.gov/32195703. Fulltext: https://doi.org/10.1097/ALN.0000000000003288
Lyons C, Callaghan M. The use of high-flow nasal oxygen in COVID-19. Anaesthesia. 2020 Apr 4. PubMed: https://pubmed.gov/32246843. Full-text: https://doi.org/10.1111/anae.15073.
Marini JJ, Gattinoni L. Management of COVID-19 Respiratory Distress. JAMA. 2020 Apr 24. pii: 2765302. PubMed: https://pubmed.gov/32329799. Full-text: https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2020.6825
Schünemann HJ, Khabsa J, Solo K, et al. Ventilation Techniques and Risk for Transmission of Coronavirus Disease, Including COVID-19. A Living Systematic Review of Multiple Streams of Evidence. Ann Int Med 2020, May 22. https://doi.org/10.7326/M20-2306. Full-text: https://www.acpjournals.org/doi/10.7326/M20-2306
Triage for intensive-care treatment
Swiss Academy Of Medical Sciences. COVID-19 pandemic: triage for intensive-care treatment under resource scarcity. Swiss Med Wkly. 2020 Mar 24;150:w20229. PubMed: https://pubmed.gov/32208495. https://doi.org/10.4414/smw.2020.20229
An P, Ye Y, Chen M, Chen Y, Fan W, Wang Y. Management strategy of novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pneumonia in the radiology department: a Chinese experience. Diagn Interv Radiol. 2020 Mar 25. PubMed: https://pubmed.gov/32209526. Fulltext: https://doi.org/10.5152/dir.2020.20167
Pragmatic recommendations for patient care in the radiology department
Zhang Y, Zhang X, Liu L, Wang H, Zhao Q. Suggestions for infection prevention and control in digestive endoscopy during current 2019-nCoV pneumonia outbreak in Wuhan, Hubei province, China. Endoscopy. 2020 Apr;52(4):312-314. PubMed: https://pubmed.gov/32212122. Full-text: https://doi.org/10.1055/a-1128-4313
Brief workflow to prevent SARS-CoV-2 transmission in the endoscopy center
Casini A, Alberio L, Angelillo-Scherrer A, et al. Thromboprophylaxis and laboratory monitoring for in-hospital patients with Covid-19 – a Swiss consensus statement by the Working Party Hemostasis. Swiss Med Wkly. 2020 Apr 11;150:w20247. PubMed: https://pubmed.gov/32277760. Full-text: https://doi.org/10.4414/smw.2020.20247
Thromboprophylaxis and laboratory monitoring
Tay JK, Koo ML, Loh WS. Surgical Considerations for Tracheostomy During the COVID-19 PandemicLessons Learned From the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Outbreak. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Published online March 31, 2020. Full-text: https://doi.org/10.1001/jamaoto.2020.0764
How to perform a tracheostomy
Hanley B, Lucas SB, Youd E, Swift B, Osborn M. Autopsy in suspected COVID-19 cases. J Clin Pathol. 2020 Mar 20. PubMed: https://pubmed.gov/32198191. Fulltext: https://doi.org/10.1136/jclinpath-2020-206522
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Considerations related to the safe handling of bodies of deceased persons with suspected or confirmed COVID-19. Stockholm: ECDC; 2020. https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/sites/default/files/documents/COVID-19-safe-handling-of-bodies-or-persons-dying-from-COVID19.pdf.
Recommendations for conducting autopsies